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Transcript: Star Stuff Episode 2, The Case For The Sky Egg

In today’s episode of Star Stuff: A Space Poddity, Cody Half-Moon, Madi Mooney, and guest John Compton discuss the Moon. John’s background of geology and theoretical physics (or, as he says, he’s just “theoretically a physicist”) mixed with the celestial excitement from our resident goth, Madi, make for a fascinating discussion about the Moon’s history, its lore, and… various cycles.

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Credits

Today’s episode was produced by Lowell Observatory, and sponsored by its members and donations. Art and social media support for this episode was provided by Alex Elbert, and the music and content writing was provided by Madi Mooney. Heather Craig provided technical support. Cody Half-Moon hosted and did the editing for this episode, and Madi Mooney and John Compton were our featured co-hosts.

Star Stuff – Episode 02: A Case For The Sky Egg

Listen to the full episode here.

[Transcript below.]

00:00.31
Cody
Hello and welcome to Star Stuff, a podcast by Lowell Observatory. I am Cody Half-Moon.

00:08.73
Madi
I am Madison Mooney. I am Lowell’s writer in our marketing department. So we have two moon names here today, which is very fitting.

00:18.38
Cody
Um, and your title’s cooler than that. What’s your actual title? I mean Writer sounds cool, too.

00:22.14
Madi
Oh, I am our content marketing specialist. Yeah. I write words. Make words sound pretty.

00:56.56
Cody
Today we have John Compton, who also works at Lowell. He’s going to talk about the Moon. Hello John, and who are you?

01:10.11
John
Hey Hooray, thanks for having me on the podcast pals. My name is John; I work up at Lowell and I am just a big fan of the moon in general. My background is in physics and geology… and geophysics. So I really enjoy these rocky planetary structures.

01:34.22
Cody
And you you got your education in geology right? I should know this.

01:38.16
John
Ah, so my education is in theoretical geophysics, so doing math for geologists. I’ve got the earth science side, I’ve got the physics side, and the math side… and I just sort of I shipped them and made it into one thing.

01:57.15
Cody
You you shipped them! You shipped geology and math. One true pair?

02:05.10
John
Oh they’re adorable! That match men heaven.

02:02.69
Madi
OTP! Yeah yeah, so we all love the Moon here, unlike Wesley, who hates the moon and wants to blow it up, apparently which I I don’t think would do good things for our oceans.

02:19.17
Cody
Yeah I have to turn down the mic whenever we bring up the Moon because he gets so animated and upset he thinks that all astronomers should hate the moon. John you can probably talk on this better than we can because it blocks the night sky, right?

02:39.70
John
I mean the moon is part of us. The moon is part of earth right? From, you know, a gravity standpoint and also a materials standpoint. The earth made the moon. It’s basically touching us. So that’s like saying, “oh the mountain is blocking the view of the night sky.”

02:58.31
Cody
It’s our baby.

03:04.47
Madi
Let’s bulldoze the mountain get that out of here.

03:05.51
Cody
Well let’s make um, let’s make a case for the moon today I guess. Then Wesley can cry as he listens to this episode and in the next episode that Wesley’s on he can offer his case and we can just go back and forth into eternity.

03:10.27
Madi
Absolutely.

03:52.90
Cody
We recently did a live stream of the partial lunar eclipse and John you were actually one of our guest speakers for that. We have so many questions. I want to start out with just… What is moon?

04:12.55
Madi
What the moon is?

04:12.56
Cody
How did it get made? What are moon? Haha. Can you give us an idea of what this is besides a cheese rock in the sky, please?

04:18.72
John
Yeah, so so our.. haha, moon cheese rock in the sky…. our moon is named Moon, poetically called Luna or a bunch of other names. Um, but ah, any moon is just a natural satellite.

you know, a natural-like space station. It orbits earth in a relatively steady way.. It’s not.. It’s not just kind of whipping around and about to be cast off again. It’s part of our little gravitationally bound group. Lots of things have moons. Our moon is just the first one we noticed… It’s huge. It’s got cool patterns on it. It provides light at night.

05:20.95
Cody
You mentioned the name of the moon… Sometimes known as Luna. Is there like a scientific proper name for our moon?

05:44.37
John
So if you really wanted to get specific, you would say “Earth’s natural satellite,” right? and colloquially, that is “a moon.” It was the first one we saw, and we sort of thought it was the only one probably for quite a while. It wasn’t till the discovery of, like, the moons of Jupiter that we thought it was anything besides, you know, a “planet.” We just thought it was a planet up there, meaning just a wandering body.

Our moon came first in the naming, and then they were like, “oh, other things have moons, too.” So it became “that moon,” so sometimes people will either refer to our moon as “Luna” to differentiate it or they’ll refer to the term moon, earth’s natural satellite.

07:20.85
Cody
And it doesn’t quite roll off the tongue as nicely.

07:23.17
John
Now it doesn’t you get some some interesting like “Who’s on First” stuff with moon’s moon, the moon “the moon.”

07:30.35
Cody
And Luna is where we get like lunacy, right?

07:39.10
John
Lunacy, Lunatics…

07:44.46
Madi
Looney tunes. …. Oh, is that a brand name? Should I avoid saying things like that?

07:48.45
John
No no, we love Looney Tunes.

07:53.16
Madi
I also have the urge to burst into song a lot. Um, and and I’m sure everything’s licensed. So if I you know? yeah.

08:01.65
John
Please do.

07:58.70
Cody
In our episode for the black holes, they kept saying super massive black hole and I kept bursting into song because that’s one of my favorite Muse songs… and I had to cut all of it because, you know lawsuits… so.

08:17.74
Cody
I just mute myself a lot. It’s fine. That’s the safest bet. So speaking of Luna and lunacy. The moon starts a lot of crap… There’s so much gossip surrounding the Moon, and a lot of it is negative.

08:36.20
Cody
You’ve got werewolves and you’ve got witches. And all of this lore originates or surrounds the Moon. So can you maybe give some insight into that–and this might be something that Madi, our resident goth on the team, can talk to a bit more… but I’m curious why? What’s with all the lunacy?

09:36.60
John
The Moon is always over our shoulder right? I love her, the big old Sky Egg. No she um you know civilizations around would look up the moon and say, “oh, that thing’s huge and cool. Um, let’s ah, let’s make stories with it. It’s a thing we can’t get to.”

10:02.52
Madi
It’s interesting that we keep calling the moon “she,” because that’s actually something that you see across a lot of cultures, is that goddesses or figures associated with the moon being these feminine, maternal, usually very beautiful figures. It’s so interesting that so many different cultures that never really had contact with each other all looked at the moon and went like… that’s a girl.

10:31.39
John
Even you know we talk about a “Gibbous Moon,” and a crescent Moon… Gibbous just means pregnant. So we’re talking about the the moon being pregnant. It’s this you know, nurturing, caring figure up there in a lot of cultures.

11:19.61
Cody
And that goes back into witchcraft… to which I know Madi and I love to talk about witchcraft, but Madi, what have you found online about the moon and witches?

11:35.28
Madi
So much. Where should I even begin… So first you got the Greek goddess of witchcraft: the night, the moon, ghosts, and necromancy… “Hecate.” She’s like the coolest person goddess being ever.

She’s just out here doing the absolute most in Greek Mythology. She’s also represented, you’ll see it in in like Witchy stores sometimes, as the triple goddess symbol. It’s a waxing crescent, a full moon in the center, and a waning crescent. So basically it’s this full moon being flanked by two crescent moons and I may or may not have it tattooed on the back of my neck, cannot confirm.

12:37.97
Cody
I have a necklace like that!

12:44.23
Madi
Yes, that is the symbol of Hecate. It symbolizes her three forms that she appears in. I think this is how she’s able to be in charge of so much stuff because she basically is three different beings.

12:57.17
Cody
Like most women have to be.

13:02.87
Madi
Yeah, right! She’s a metaphor for the modern woman. She has three forms: the Maiden, the Mother, and the Crone.

13:21.81
Madi
Basically she will use all three of these forms to manage different parts of the Earth… mostly spooky things that go on in the night. She’s just really cool; I could I can keep going on about her.

***

15:17.65
John
You know the the lunar cycle is where we get months from? “Month” and “Moon” share root words.

The lunar cycle defines the month, and so we have a lot of like interesting calendar-based lore around that sort of thing. Then, you know, people say “oh the the full moon is when the is when all the witchy stuff happens and werewolves and crazy things at night!” And my personal thought is that, well, that’s just when you notice all the weird stuff at night because the moon is very very bright and it illuminates things… and people sneak out at night to do weird stuff, and you just happen to see them when the full moon’s out.

16:12.90
Madi
But if you just minded your own business….

16:13.19
Cody
Not speaking from personal experience of course, right John?fr

16:18.87
Madi
Talking about the moon and how it kind of led to our calendar system, going back to Greek Mythology, Hecate kind of has a little cameo in the story of Persephone and Hades. People like to pretend the story is really romantic, but it’s actually kind of messed up. Persephone was just picking flowers one day, and Hates came out of the underworld and snatched her away from her life. Hecate actually witnessed this and was the one who informed it at least in the version of the story that I came across. Hecate helped Demeter look for her daughter, um and basically was like… “hey, ah, your kid has just been dragged into Hell…”

17:14.61
Cody
“Tale as old as time…”

17:17.60
John
Yeah I was gonna say, is Hecate the Gaston of this story? Trying to get the inventor to go help find his daughter.

17:34.57
Madi
I like I always like the dad I he’s just like adorable.

17:44.23
Cody
Maurice! Sorry, sorry, go on.

17:34.57
Madi

Ah, the reason why I brought up that story is because that is basically how the Greeks explained the changing of the seasons.

17:52.64
Madi
To go back to what you said about calendars: Do you think the moon kind of affected our view of the seasons as well?

18:09.75
John
Yeah, the the lunar calendar was like one of our first calendars right? Because it happens far enough apart that it’s useful. But also short enough that you can sort of see it happen as opposed like constellations being markers for times of year. The lunar cycle is… ah, a calendar for a marker for times of um… you know… months in the year. So you can you can track things bit it a lot easier. …

18:42.70
Madi
…… Am I allowed to talk about periods?

18:42.80
Cody
YES THANK YOU, I was just thinking it, and it’s like impossible to not think because like the moon represents feminine. We’re talking about moon lunar cycles. It’s twenty nine days, you know, maybe there just are coincidences in the world. But that’s pretty dope.

19:03.83
John
Could be based on some kind of Circadian rhythm type thing with the full moon being bright. That’s a guess though… I’m just making stuff up now.

19:10.80
Madi
And pregnant, apparently?

19:19.70
Madi
I was just going to say that I’ve once heard of like a young woman’s first period as a “first moon party.”

19:34.68
Cody
Yeah, it’s a real thing … your first moon party. I think that’s pretty cool. I would have killed my mother, but it’s still dope.

19:45.23
Madi
I never had one of those… I kind of wish I had, it would have been fun.

20:16.10
John
We tend to think of it as the new Moon being the beginning and end of a cycle.

20:39.54
Cody
We’re coming up on what the “Wolf Moon” …

20:52.22
John
The um, the fun-named Moons… are all just kind of made up. I think they’re like just for fun-zies.

20:56.50
Cody
Oh, bummer.

21:11.20
John
You know the the calendar has been messed around so much based on, like, ah, white guys who named the months after themselves wanting more days in that month–

21:16.77
Cody
Wait, are you serious?

21:23.27
Madi
Oh yeah, yes.

21:25.67
Cody
Can you tell me more about that?

21:31.20
John
I don’t know a ton but, like you know, you think Augustus wants more days in his month of August… so you know, you say well February gets a little bit less. And then everyone’s like well yeah I want to have thirty one days in mine. So it no longer coordinates with the moon cycles super well, which means you have more or less full moons… So these fun-named moons help indicate the first full moon in October — but those would have to have been named after the modern calendar. Otherwise it’s just that moon.

22:52.51
Cody
Do you know anything about why the Moon is connected to werewolves?

23:15.64
Madi
I was I was gonna say I have a theory but it’s related to periods again and I don’t know if we want to keep going there…

23:22.58
John
Well I know that like clinical life, Clinical Lycanthropy is from people who believe they are lycanthropic.

23:28.95
Cody
You say clinical lycanthropy…

23:41.26
John
Ah, meaning werewolves. I think a lot of these things come back to sources of like, cannibalism back in the day. We get some of the old legends like I believe lycanthropy named after some guy who was supposedly cannibalistic or something like that… and we think, “oh a person couldn’t do these horrible things that we see sometimes” and we see instances of mental illness and you say “oh well, it’s got to be something crazy because a person wouldn’t do that.” And then you see things moving on a full moon and put those two together.

24:25.60
Madi
Yeah, um, you will find historically that a lot of ah mythology and lore was created to explain very normal human things. Mental illness is is one of the big ones. We have the whole concept of female hysteria as one of those good old concepts.

24:44.90
Madi
Um, Salem witch trials when really the women who were being prosecuted and murdered were probably just ah, a little weird. I don’t know or just weren’t what was considered the standard of a woman at the time.

25:01.00
Cody
My great great great aunt was one of the Salem witches. Yeah, it’s pretty cool but it’s interesting. We still have the connection to like women man getting the short end of the stick but…. I mean, we got the moon.

25:06.23
Madi
What? what.

25:14.13
Madi
Did she die? Oh my gosh.

25:20.90
Cody
Yeah, she was hanged, and then our family would go like visit the Salem witch trial museums…

25:23.68
Madi
Ah.

25:40.50
Cody
Which is pretty neat.

26:10.97
Madi
Oh man I I would have been burned in the Salem witch trial so fast. Ah.

26:16.90
Cody
Haha yes, same.

26:22.67
John
I think most cultures have some view of the shapeshifter. Um, you know, skinwalkers and like those um, ah dramatic things and–

26:37.84
Madi
–I Don’t think you’re supposed to say that–

26:41.77
John
Um,all kinds of stuff I think every culture has some sort of shapeshifting in their culture and I don’t know where that comes from and I don’t know why the werewolf specifically is lunar.

27:00.49
Madi
Just a note I don’t think you’re supposed to say and sorry I interrupted you but the the s-k-i-n word, I think saying their name summons them… So good luck with that.

27:14.80
John
Okay I dare them. Come at me in the comments!

****

35:39.32
Cody
To transition from woo to reality…. What’s on the dark side of the moon? This is a question we get a lot.

35:44.74
John
So the dark side of the moon isn’t like, light/dark. It’s like radio dark. It basically just looks like the front but with less dark gray parts, of the Mar. The moon has basaltic lava flows and we don’t have those on the backside. So the backside is mostly just highlands and it’s been beaten up pretty heavily by impacts. It’s radio dark because when the Apollo Missions went around the moon to orbit it when they were back there, no one could talk to them. But it gets just as much light as anything else.

36:31.17
Cody
And when you say Mar is that like the sea?

36:35.84
John
Yeah, it’s related to the word for sea. That’s why we get the names of all those parts up there like “Sea of Tranquility,” “Ocean of Storms,” “Ocean of Rain,” “Sea of Nectar.” They’re all named for oceans because you look at it and it looks like water and sea beds. The lava was very very thin and so it did flow a lot like oceans, and filled in these basins.

37:06.42
Madi
And I was just gonna say, you kind of already said it, but it’s funny because there’s literally no water up there… So like why are they calling these things oceans. Oh that’s why, that’s cool.

37:17.15
John
There’s a little water up there.

37:17.16
Cody
Oh yeah, yeah, that was one of the things we were going to bring up. Tell us.

37:23.69
John
Well, there’s there’s definitely frozen water right? I think back in like 2009 um they found signs of like hydrogen and oxygen from some different sources.

37:43.61
John
They used Sophia which is that telescope that a lot of our educators use when they get good grants. It determined that it was actually water but it’s like 1 part per thousand. So um, 1 gram per kilogram up. There is water in some of these zones but that’s still really cool. But we can use it for drinking water. There’s this whole plan to use the moon as kind of a jumping-off place to go explore Mars, explore the rest of the solar system, and the idea is that if we use that um, jumping off area. We can get our water and fuel there. We won’t have to bring it up from earth which is super super costly to bring up fuel and oxidizer and water. So instead the idea is that we send a spaceship with nothing on it for supplies. And we’ve got all this water that we’ve mined from the surface and then we can fuel up the ship there and send them off right.

39:20.76
Cody
If we were to hypothetically um Launch a rocket from the moon, would it be easier to get like a good launching point from the moon? Would that mess up like our gravity or the Moon’s orbit or anything like that?

39:51.11
John
The idea is that there’s less gravity on the moon, and there’s no atmosphere, so you have you have no atmospheric drag. Gravity is the thing that you spend rocket fuel to overcome, so less gravity equals less fuel. And the moon is big right? I mean it’s small realistically, but it’s a big enough chunk of rock that a rocket ship blasting off from it is not going to affect it in a noticeable way.

40:26.86
Cody
So I always think of it as like really small like a little baby rock.

40:32.48
John
It’s big enough that it’s got enough gravity.

40:51.71
Cody
I’m curious like is there anything in researching the type of rock on the moon that will tell us about the earth, that’s useful for scientists here.

41:19.39
John
The reason we care about the moon is because it’s part of Earth right? The moon was formed from earth a long long time ago, barely after the beginning of the formation of the solar system. Earth would have been this big ball of lava. We call it the Hadeon time period. So, Hades the god of the underworld. Eearth was basically this inhospitable ball of Molten Rock.

42:03.56
Cody
Dope.

42:14.92
John
An object that they believe was roughly the size of Mars that’s been called Thea basically sideswiped the earth. A glancing blow. And from that, it knocked off a bunch of this lava. Then earth would have had rings of this material for a while, and then it cooled. Gravity works like there’s a bigger, chunk and it attracts other chunks, and then, the moon slowly formed like that. So it formed from the Earth’s chunks literally getting ripped off of the earth and thrown into space.

But it happened in the time period where earth’s rock layers weren’t really well differentiated, so you’ve got some kind of like rocks mixing together in different ways. So we get this interesting combination of silicates. And a lot of like really heavy metal stuff too.

You know you’ve got mostly basalt and anorthite which is a feldspar, so you’ve got this really magnesium- and iron-rich rock. Then you’ve got this really light silicate. So at first the moon was just a giant ball of lava like anything else that’s coming together. Gravitational forces create a lot of friction and a lot of heat when things fall together into a sphere. So then the moon started to differentiate. It cools and it makes what’s called the highlands on this outer crustal layer and then inside you’ve got the basalts, which are metallic, and they flow really quite thin. It kind of floods all over the place.

The moon likely has an iron core like like most things, but those are just a sampling of the layers of earth right? Earth has similar layers. The moon was literally part of Earth, which is why we care about it.

For a long time there was the mystery of why earth’s abundance of certain elements was off by a lot, and it turns out it’s the exact proportions of the moon rock. That’s further proof that the moon came from Earth.

44:54.70
Cody
They did these calculations and they found that something was missing in their calculations when they were looking into the geology of the Earth?

45:02.81
John
Correct. Yeah, so they were looking at the geology of the Earth and saying like, this is what the earth should be composed of… and we’re missing a large amount of these certain minerals certain rock types. Later when they did the sampling of the Moon, they realized, “huh. It’s got those exact minerals and rock types in the exact amount that Earth is missing. Weird.”

The moon is a great way to look back at the the past of the earth because you know the moon didn’t have big tectonics. It doesn’t erode right? There’s no big oceans. There’s no wind. There’s no atmosphere and there are no tectonics to move move the surface around. So what’s there is locked in. When we’re studying the surface of the moon, it’s an aold old old view of what Earth would have also gone through. So we can compare the Earth and the Moon in that that way to learn a lot about our past.

06:45.17
Madi
It’s a little baby time capsule just floating out there.

46:06.79
Cody
From getting body checked by some asteroid named Thea.

06:51.84
Madi
I just got hip checked into the atmosphere.

***

46:24.43
Cody
As I mentioned we did our partial lunar Eclipse livestream in November… I hope I have that right… was that November, Madi?

07:14.96
Madi
I have no concept of time whatsoever; you are asking the wrong person.

46:43.27
Cody
Feels like so long ago… we were up until like 3am. It was super fun and I remember … it was actually, John, during your segment when you were our guest speaker there. The moon was pink and I’m curious why it had this like red pinkish almost neon glow to it.

47:14.96
John
Yeah, so um, for a fun metaphor… or no pretty accurate, just without a lot of jargon… You know when you when you have an eclipse, the earth is in front of the Moon, from the sun’s perspective. You’ve got the sun shining its light on the Earth, and then there’s a big shadow cast by the Earth onto the Moon. Well, light’s still going to get around it.

When you see sunlight coming just over the edge of the earth — we see that during sunset or sunrise — the light is full of pinks and reds and oranges. During an eclipse the only light that’s hitting the moon is “sunset light” or “sunrise light.”

48:22.70
Cody
Oh that makes so much sense. I remember always like growing up in Houston thinking that the sunsets were just… unparalleled beauty, because they were amazing… this huge array of colors. It wasn’t just pink and red it was all these deep purples, I learned later it was because of, ah… pollution. Kind of killed it for me you know? Yeah, it was gorgeous but, I mean…

09:21.25
Madi
Oh no.

48:49.32
John
Yeah, the more bits you have the more it spreads out the colors.

***

10:04.99
Madi
Some news. Yes, let me find the link to the article.

10:23.93
Madi
Ah yes, breaking news. The headline is a that the “FRLI” telescope detects a moon around asteroid with the smallest the telescope yet.

50:22.10
Cody
So there’s a moon around an asteroid?

11:01.90
Madi
Yes.

50:55.16
John
Yeah, I mean anything can have a moon. If you if you were to go into space and you were in a spacesuit and you floating around… and a small little chunk of rock came floating towards you and it got caught in your gravity… You’d have a moon. So as long as that Asteroid is not orbiting something bigger, it usually works out.

***

14:53.16
Madi
I’m actually really sad because I don’t think people can ask questions on Wiki Answers anymore. But I still love it very much and it’s still a gold mine. This question is, “If you spent one year on the moon, how many years would go by on Earth?”

54:57.70
John
….I have no idea …. like …. One. Hahaha

55:01.75
Cody
Hahahaha yeah, is this a trick question?

55:07.60
Cody
Wait, ummmm, actually we were just talking about the twin study done in space. A twin stayed on a satellite and one twin stayed on earth and one was like point 9 seconds older or something like this. So I think…. The earth would be just under a year.

55:38.60
John
Right? A challenge for our listeners. Get in the comments calculate it. You should be able to calculate it in excel or just on a sheet of paper… a lot of these equations are are easily known. Tell us you know how long it would be. Not going to be much… but you can find out.

56:01.83
Cody
About a year.

16:34.30
Madi
But… a year.

56:03.27
John
A year.

***

16:38.84
Madi
Okay, so my um, the next question and I feel like Wesley could have ghost written this one. “Do we need the moon?”

56:11.61
Cody
What would happen if we didn’t have the moon? Would our tides go crazy.

56:15.88
John
No, we don’t need anything.

56:22.69
John
Um, we would still have tides but they’d be solar tides. The sun still provides a fair amount of tidal force on the Earth. I don’t know just be kind of boring I suppose. Not much would would change day-to-day I suspect.

56:42.46
John
I don’t think their earth would care too much.

17:29.68
Madi
But if we’re going to go more big picture with this, I feel like it would create some kind of like just biological domino effect that would probably wipe us all out right?

57:08.23
John
Um, oh like if the moon just suddenly wasn’t there?

57:11.64
Cody
Yeah, that’s right.

17:45.48
Madi
Or if it blew up like Wesley keeps claiming he wants to happen.

57:15.71
John
I think the a lot of a lot of the effects would be like… societal. We’d say, “huh, that’s weird. Things don’t just disappear. Um, what is happening? Is the simulation breaking down?”

57:27.40
Cody
If the moon got upset at Wesley’s comments and it just left.

57:33.14
John
The moon just forgot to render.

18:06.52
Madi
It was like, “later guys. I don’t need this.”

18:36.83
Madi
Yeah I think the Moon’s important. Maybe I’m biased. But.

***

18:57.52
Madi
Okay, and then my last question… “Is the moon real?”

58:28.48
Cody
Hot. Take.

58:31.70
John
Yeah, it’s a hundred percent real.

19:10.77
Madi
Source?

58:31.70
John

My eye balls.

59:02.98
Cody
Are there any flat mooners out there?

20:08.61
Madi
Um, something I’ve learned just from moderating our Youtube chats is… I feel like when you’re a flat-earther, by extension, you also believe that space is fake. Which includes all of the you know. Basically our our jobs would all be pointless because we’re just looking at fake lights in the sky projected onto the giant dome over our flat earth.

59:58.93
Cody
We’re just a part of a huge conspiracy.

01:00:05.70
John
I will say that… To something moving fast enough, the Earth is flat and so is the moon. From spatial dilation when you start to get into relativistic speeds. So a Photon sees a flat universe and and a sufficiently Fast Rocket sees a flat earth.

20:52.51
Madi
Don’t.

01:00:24.60
John
I’m just saying, flat earthers are closer to light.

20:58.35
Madi
John I will have a breakdown right now.

***

21:08.16
Madi
Okay, well I’m all out of questions. But I do have one honorable mention… Some sweet sweet summer child just was–

01:00:45.89
Cody
—Ha!! “Sweet Summer child.”

21:23.39
Madi
She was just really excited for the release of Twilight: New Moon asked when it was coming out on DVD.

01:01:02.77
John
Aww.

21:42.24
Madi
I hope they got their Twilight: New Moon on Dvd.

01:01:15.14
Cody
Maybe maybe they were hoping it was going to come out on a new moon, so they thought that scientists would… know? I’m trying to give them a lot of credit here.

***

01:01:41.50
John
Fun fact. The moon is leaving the earth and about the rate your fingernails grow. So every time you clip your nails realize that the moon is permanently that much farther away from us, and, um, will eventually be super distant..

01:02:11.80
Cody
Dammit, Wesley.

22:46.80
Madi
Baby come back! We! didn’t mean it!

01:02:59.20
John
My favorite Moon fact is that if you were to stack elephants from end to end, from the Earth to the Moon, most of them would die.

23:48.74
Madi
Ahaha! We at Star Stuff do not support the the space suffocation of elephants.

01:03:22.32
Cody
Yeah, we do not personally endorse, ah, throwing elephants into space. And that from our resident geologist John! Thank you so much for joining us on Star Stuff and talking about the moon.

24:04.58
Madi
That’s really funny. Love that.

25:16.96
Madi
Oh John you’ve got to say your catch phrase.

01:04:52.62
John
I don’t know what you’re talking about.

….

01:04:58.37
John
Bye forever, nerds!

01:05:00.11
Cody
Yes, there it is!!